Classifying Features Persuading the Use of Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets (LLINs) and Its Implications in Exterminating the Incidence of Malaria-Death in Ghana
This is a cross-sectional quantitative study purpoted to identify features deemed to pursuade the usage of LLINs in exterminating incidences of malaria-death in Ghana. The population consisted of mothers and caregivers of children under five in Asamankese a district in the Eastern region of Ghana. Questionnaires were developed based on the profile and the set of study objectives, it sought information on socio-economic variables, knowledge level on LLINs, and influence of climatic and environmental factors on LLINs usage. Data were coded and keyed into SPSS version 20. Frequencies, percentages, means, standard deviations, graphs and tables were used to explore the data. Chi-square test was used to do further investigation.
It was revealed that LLINs usage was influenced by a group of features including: background characteristics of household; socio-economic variables, environmental variables and knowledge on importance of LLINs. There was an association between LLINs usage and monthly income of caregivers (p<0.05). Furthermore, there was a significant relationship (p<0.05) between environmental features and LLINs usage. There was a relationship (p<0.05) between one’s knowledge and use of LLINs. In addition, there was a relationship between usage and the number of times per month visits were made to the hospitals for health care. Environmental factors permitted the use of LLINs, Eighty-six (86%) of the respondents who used LLINs did use it because the weather aided them.
It is recommended that behavior change education be intensified in the region so that more people can accept and adopt a lifestyle that will protect them from the deadly malaria diseases. Efforts must be made by the major players in the health sector to make the net readily available in the communities at low prices to enable the ordinary Ghanaian to purchase it.
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