Removal of Congo Red and Methyl Red using Low Density Polyethylene-Chitosan Nanoparticles Biocomposite in Single and Binary-component System

  • Oluwatosin Emmanuel Daramola Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences, Federal University of Technology Akure, P.M.B. 704, Akure, Nigeria
  • Oluwaseun Adekoya Adelaja Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences, Federal University of Technology Akure, P.M.B. 704, Akure, Nigeria
Keywords: adsorption, biosorption, binary-component system, chitosan nanoparticles, Congo red, Methyl red

Abstract

The low density polyethylene-chitosan nanoparticles (LDPE/CHNP) biocomposite was applied as a biosorbent for the adsorption of Congo red (CR) anionic dye and methyl red (MR) a cationic dye an in single and binary system. The effect of parameter pH, contact time, initial concentration, adsorbent dosage and temperature were studied on the two dyes in single and the binary component system. Kinetic studies showed that adsorption on LDPE/CHNP in a single and binary-component system follows pseudo-second order kinetics. The  values of CR in single and binary system were gotten to be 0.9996 and 0.9984 respectively, while the  values of MR in single and binary system were 0.9994 and 0.9983 respectively. The adsorption equilibrium study was tested with both Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm and the result showed they agree more with Langmuir have an  values for CR in single and binary system to be 0.9995 and 0.9991 respectively, while the  values of MR in single and binary system were 0.9954 and 0.9983 respectively; which implies that the adsorptions were more of chemisorption than physiosorption reaction. In the single and binary systems, the result reveals that CR had higher adoption efficiency than MR which could be because the chelation between cations and chitosan chains, which decreased the electrostatic interaction between Methyl red and chitosan nanoparticles of the biocomposite. The LDPE/CHNP biocomposite has proved to be an efficient adsorbent for CR (anionic dye) and MR (cationic dye) in single and two-component system which are frequently encountered composition of industrial effluents.

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Published
2021-03-04
How to Cite
Emmanuel Daramola , O., & Adekoya Adelaja, O. (2021). Removal of Congo Red and Methyl Red using Low Density Polyethylene-Chitosan Nanoparticles Biocomposite in Single and Binary-component System. Earthline Journal of Chemical Sciences, 5(2), 307-327. https://doi.org/10.34198/ejcs.5221.307327
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Articles